Healthcare Industry News: diabetic peripheral neuropathy
News Release - May 9, 2006
Lilly Submits Cymbalta(R) Supplemental New Drug Application for Generalized Anxiety DisorderFour Million Americans are Diagnosed Annually with Generalized Anxiety Disorder
INDIANAPOLIS, May 9 (HSMN NewsFeed) -- Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ) today announced the recent submission of a supplemental New Drug Application (sNDA) to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Cymbalta® (duloxetine HCl) for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.
Cymbalta is already approved in the United States for the treatment of major depressive disorder and the management of diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain, both in adults. Lilly is also conducting Phase III studies on Cymbalta and its effects on fibromyalgia, a chronic, often debilitating pain disorder characterized by widespread muscle aches, pain and stiffness in muscles, and often accompanied by fatigue and sleep disturbance.(i)
"More than three million patients worldwide have been treated with Cymbalta since its approval from the FDA for the treatment of major depression and management of diabetic nerve pain," said Alan Breier, M.D., vice president - medical and chief medical officer, Eli Lilly and Company. "Lilly is committed to fully exploring other unmet patient needs, and looks forward to conducting further research with this innovative drug."
Every year four million Americans age 18 to 54 are diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder, the majority of them women.(ii) It is common for people with generalized anxiety disorder to also experience other physical and mental disorders, including depression, eating disorders or substance abuse.(iii) Because generalized anxiety disorder presents with a variety of symptoms, both anxious and physical, it can be difficult to diagnose.(iv) When left untreated, symptoms may get progressively worse, significantly diminishing a patient's quality of life.(ii)
Serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain and spinal cord are believed to both mediate core depression symptoms and help regulate the perception of pain. Disturbances of serotonin and/or norepinephrine may explain the presence of both the emotional and physical symptoms, including painful physical symptoms, of depression. Based on pre-clinical studies, duloxetine is a balanced and potent reuptake inhibitor of serotonin and norepinephrine.(v) While the mechanism of action of duloxetine is not fully known, scientists believe its effect on both emotional symptoms and pain perception is due to increasing the activity of serotonin and norepinephrine in the central nervous system.
Important Safety Information
In clinical studies, antidepressants increased the risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children and adolescents with depression and other psychiatric disorders. Anyone considering the use of Cymbalta or any other antidepressant in a child or adolescent must balance the risk with the clinical need. Patients who are starting therapy should be observed closely for worsening depression symptoms, suicidal thoughts or behavior, or unusual changes in behavior. Cymbalta is not approved for use in patients under the age of 18.
Patients on antidepressants and their families or caregivers should watch for worsening depression symptoms, unusual changes in behavior and thoughts of suicide, as well as for anxiety, agitation, panic attacks, difficulty sleeping, irritability, hostility, aggressiveness, impulsivity, restlessness, or extreme hyperactivity. Call the doctor if you have thoughts of suicide or if any of these symptoms are severe or occur suddenly. Be especially observant at the beginning of antidepressive treatment or whenever there is a change in dose.
Prescription Cymbalta is not for everyone. People who are allergic to Cymbalta or the other ingredients in Cymbalta should not take it. If you have recently taken a type of antidepressant called a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAOI), are taking Mellaril® (thioridazine) or have uncontrolled narrow- angle glaucoma, you should not take Cymbalta. Talk with your doctor before taking Cymbalta if you have liver or kidney problems, glaucoma or consume large quantities of alcohol. Women who are pregnant should talk with their doctor before taking Cymbalta. Nursing while taking Cymbalta is not recommended. Tell your doctor if you are taking other prescription or nonprescription medications.
In clinical studies of Cymbalta for depression, the most common side effects were nausea, dry mouth, constipation, decreased appetite, fatigue, sleepiness, and increased sweating. Nausea was the most common side effect. For most people, the nausea was mild to moderate, and usually subsided within one-to-two weeks. Cymbalta is also approved for the management of neuropathic pain associated with diabetic peripheral neuropathy. In clinical studies of Cymbalta in these patients, the most common side effects were nausea, sleepiness, dizziness, constipation, dry mouth, increased sweating, decreased appetite, and loss of strength or energy. In all clinical trials, most people were not bothered enough by side effects to stop taking Cymbalta. Your doctor may periodically check your blood pressure. Don't stop taking Cymbalta without talking to your doctor.
For full Patient Information, visit www.Cymbalta.com.
For full Prescribing Information, including Boxed Warning, visit http://www.Cymbalta.com/.
About Eli Lilly and Company
Lilly, a leading innovation-driven corporation, is developing a growing portfolio of first-in-class and best-in-class pharmaceutical products by applying the latest research from its own worldwide laboratories and from collaborations with eminent scientific organizations. Headquartered in Indianapolis, Ind., Lilly provides answers -- through medicines and information -- for some of the world's most urgent medical needs. Additional information about Lilly is available at www.lilly.com.
This press release contains forward-looking statements about the potential of Cymbalta for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder, and reflects Lilly's current beliefs. However, as with any pharmaceutical product, there are substantial risks and uncertainties in the process of development and commercialization. There is no guarantee that the product will receive regulatory approval for generalized anxiety disorder, or that it will continue to be commercially successful. For further discussion of these and other risks and uncertainties, see Lilly's filings with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission. Lilly undertakes no duty to update forward-looking statements.
(ii) National Institute of Mental Health. "Facts About Generalized Anxiety Disorder." Available at: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/publicat/gadfacts.cfm. Accessed on: February 6, 2006.
(iii) National Mental Health Association. "Anxiety Disorders." Available at: http://www.nmha.org/pbedu/anxiety/anxdis.cfm. Accessed on: November 28, 2005.
(iv) Gliatto, Michal, F. "Generalized Anxiety Disorder." American Family Physicians, Vol. 62/No. 7, October 1, 2000.
(v) Bymaster FP et al. Current Pharmaceutical Design. 2005; 11: 1475- 1493.
Source: Eli Lilly
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