Healthcare Industry News:  pegylated interferon 


 News Release - September 12, 2006

Valeant Pharmaceuticals Reports VISER2 Results for Viramidine(R)

Company Initiates Phase 2b Weight-Based Dose-Ranging Study

COSTA MESA, Calif.--(HSMN NewsFeed)--Sept. 12, 2006--Valeant Pharmaceuticals International (NYSE:VRX ) today reported summary results of VISER2, the second of two Phase 3 pivotal trials, for Viramidine®. The company is developing Viramidine (taribavirin hydrochloride), a nucleoside (guanosine) analog prodrug of ribavirin, in oral form, for administration in combination with a pegylated interferon for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C in treatment-naive patients. The VISER2 trial included two co-primary endpoints: one for safety (superiority to ribavirin in the incidence of anemia) and one for efficacy (non-inferiority to ribavirin in sustained viral response, SVR).

The VISER2 study did not meet the non-inferiority efficacy endpoint on an intent-to-treat (ITT) basis, with overall SVR rates of 40 percent versus 55 percent for the Viramidine and ribavirin arms, respectively. However, consistent with the results seen in VISER1, SVR rates in VISER2 trended higher among patients receiving increased exposure on a mg/kg basis in the Viramidine arm without a substantial increase in the anemia rate.

Consistent with results from the VISER1 trial released earlier in the year, VISER2 confirmed the safety advantages of Viramidine. Anemia rates (Hgb less than 10g/dL) during the treatment period were significantly lower in patients treated with Viramidine than those treated with ribavirin (6 percent versus 22 percent; p less than 0.001).

As a result of the combined VISER1 and VISER2 data, the company also announced that it is initiating a Phase 2b program to evaluate the efficacy of Viramidine at higher doses. The Phase 2b program is a multi-center, randomized, parallel, open-label study in 240 treatment naive, genotype-one patients and will evaluate Viramidine at 20 mg/kg, 25 mg/kg, and 30 mg/kg per day in combination with pegylated interferon alpha-2b. There also will be a control group comprised of ribavirin and pegylated interferon alpha-2b. Treatment duration will be 48 weeks with a post-treatment follow-up period of 24 weeks. Based on a 12-week interim analysis of this study, the company will decide whether to begin a third Phase 3 study at the appropriate higher dose indicated by the Phase 2b study. The company will seek to co-develop the product should it decide to pursue another phase 3 registration trial next year.

Timothy C. Tyson, president and chief executive officer, said, "As expected, VISER2 results were consistent with those seen in VISER1. Although VISER1 and 2 did not meet non-inferiority efficacy endpoints, Viramidine demonstrates meaningful clinical efficacy. Our retrospective analyses of 750 patient plasma samples indicate that Viramidine could be as effective as ribavirin at higher doses. These analyses, coupled with feedback from the medical community that there will continue to be a strong need for ribavirin or ribavirin analogues in the treatment of hepatitis C, indicate that further clinical testing is prudent. Our Phase 2b program should provide us with sufficient information at little relative cost and time to confirm the dose response, select an appropriate dose, test safety at higher doses, establish the path for registration of the drug and make a go/no-go decision."

The company also announced the issuance of a U.S. patent for Viramidine for use in the treatment of hepatitis C, which will not expire until 2020.

The following table summarizes the anemia and SVR rates for both VISER1 and VISER2:
                VISER1 and VISER2: Safety and Efficacy
                      (Intent-to-Treat Analysis)

                     Anemia (Hgb less than     Sustained Virologic
                             10g/dL)                Response(a)
------------------- ------------------------ -------------------------
       Study         Viramidine   Ribavirin   Viramidine   Ribavirin
------------------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ------------
VISER1 (N=970)                5%         24%          38%          52%
------------------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ------------
VISER2 (N=962)                6%         22%          40%          55%
------------------- ------------ ----------- ------------ ------------

(a) Percent of Patients with Undetectable HCV RNA; NGI SuperQuant Assay, sensitivity to 39 IU/mL (100 copies/mL)

Additional planned analyses of VISER1 and VISER2 data based on weight (mg/kg) indicated that SVR was improved with increased mg/kg concentrations while preserving the safety benefit as summarized below:
            VISER1 and VISER2: Viramidine Exposure Analysis
             Percent of Patients with Undetectable HCV RNA
                      (Intent-to-Treat Analysis)

                             VISER1                    VISER2
------------------- ------------------------- ------------------------
                                     Anemia                   Anemia
                                   (Hgb less                (Hgb less
                                    than 10                  than 10
Viramidine Exposure   N      SVR      g/dL)     N     SVR      g/dL)
------------------- ------ ------- ---------- ------ ------ ----------
 greater than or
 equal to 13 mg/kg    179      32%         4%   171     26%         4%
------------------- ------ ------- ---------- ------ ------ ----------
greater than 13-15
       mg/kg          147      31%         4%   164     42%         2%
------------------- ------ ------- ---------- ------ ------ ----------
greater than 15-18
       mg/kg          182      38%         7%   190     47%         8%
------------------- ------ ------- ---------- ------ ------ ----------
 greater than 18
       mg/kg          138      52%         7%   119     48%        13%
------------------- ------ ------- ---------- ------ ------ ----------
The majority of adverse events other than anemia and gastrointestinal side effects were similar between treatment groups. The anemia rate was lower in the Viramidine arm, while the gastrointestinal rate was lower in the ribavirin arm. The most common other adverse events associated with combination therapy included fatigue, headache, insomnia, depression and myalgia.

VISER2 Trial Design

The VISER2 trial (VISER stands for VIramidine's Safety and Efficacy vs. Ribavirin) evaluated a fixed 600 mg BID dose of Viramidine to a weight-based 1,000/1,200 mg daily dose of ribavirin, both in combination with peginterferon alfa 2a. The study, conducted in the United States, Canada, Europe, Israel, Argentina and Australia, enrolled 962 treatment-naive subjects with chronic HCV. Treatment duration was based on genotype, with genotypes 2 and 3 receiving 24 weeks of treatment and genotype non 2, 3 receiving 48 weeks of treatment, each with a post-treatment follow-up period of 24 weeks. The study was stratified for genotype, weight and viral load.

Additional information regarding the Phase 3 trial will be furnished by the company today with the Securities and Exchange Commission on Form 8-K and is also available on the company's Web site at

Viramidine is an investigational compound that has not been found by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or any other regulatory agency to be safe or effective in the diagnosis, mitigation, treatment or cure of any disease or illness. It may not be sold or promoted in the United States unless and until FDA has approved a New Drug Application. Similar restrictions apply in other countries.

About Valeant

Valeant Pharmaceuticals International (NYSE:VRX ) is a global specialty pharmaceutical company that develops, manufactures and markets a broad range of pharmaceutical products primarily in the areas of neurology, infectious disease and dermatology. More information about Valeant can be found at

Viramidine is a registered trademark of Valeant Pharmaceuticals International or its related companies. All other trademarks are the trademarks or the registered trademarks of their respective owners.


This press release contains forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to, statements regarding the company's Phase 2b program and plans to partner the development of Viramidine with other companies, that are based on management's current expectations and involve risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, risks and uncertainties relating to the clinical development of new products, regulatory approval processes, the ability of the company to obtain a partnership arrangement on acceptable terms, and other risks detailed from time to time in the company's SEC filings, including its Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005. The company cautions the reader that these factors, as well as other factors described in its SEC filings, are among the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the expectations described in the forward-looking statements. The company also cautions the reader that undue reliance should not be placed on any of the forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release. The company undertakes no responsibility to update any of these forward-looking statements to reflect events or circumstances after the date of this press release or to reflect actual outcomes.

Source: Valeant Pharmaceuticals

Issuer of this News Release is solely responsible for its content.
Please address inquiries directly to the issuing company.

FindReps - Find Great Medical Independent Sales Reps without recruiter fees.
FindReps - available on the Apple App Store for iPhone and iPad.