Healthcare Industry News: Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
News Release - January 10, 2007
Bayer and Onyx Announce Pivotal Nexavar(R) Kidney Cancer Study Published in New England Journal of MedicineNexavar Doubled Progression-Free Survival in Largest Advanced Kidney Cancer Trial
WEST HAVEN, Conn. and EMERYVILLE, Calif., Jan. 10 (HSMN NewsFeed) -- Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation (NYSE: BAY ) and Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ONXX ) today announced that the New England Journal of Medicine has published their pivotal Phase III trial demonstrating that NexavarŽ (sorafenib) tablets doubled median progression-free survival (PFS) in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC), or kidney cancer. The data, as assessed by independent radiologic review, are from the Treatment Approaches in Renal Cancer Global Evaluation Trial (TARGET) -- the largest randomized controlled trial ever conducted in advanced RCC.
"Historically, patients with kidney cancer have had limited treatment options and there has been a particularly critical need for new therapies to help patients with advanced disease," said co-principal investigator Ronald Bukowski, M.D., Director of the Experimental Therapeutics Program of The Cleveland Clinic Taussig Cancer Center in Cleveland, OH. "This landmark study demonstrated the efficacy, tolerability and clinical benefit of Nexavar, which has rapidly become a valuable weapon against this devastating disease."
Based on these data, Nexavar was granted U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for the treatment of patients with advanced RCC, or kidney cancer, on December 20, 2005. Since then, Nexavar has been approved in nearly 50 countries.
"Nexavar was the first new drug approved for patients with advanced kidney cancer in over a decade," said Bill Bro, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Kidney Cancer Association (KCA). "With the advent of targeted therapies such as Nexavar, there has been remarkable change -- patients are experiencing improved outcomes without the toxic effects traditionally associated with chemotherapy."
Phase III Summary More than 900 patients with advanced RCC were randomized one-to-one to receive either 400 mg Nexavar or placebo orally twice a day in this randomized, multi-national, placebo-controlled Phase III study. The endpoints of the study are overall survival (OS), PFS, overall response rate and safety. PFS measures the length of time that a patient lives without evident tumor growth or death.
PFS doubled to a median of 5.5 months in patients receiving Nexavar compared to 2.8 months for patients receiving placebo (p < 0.001). This represented a 56% reduction in the risk of progression (hazard ratio 0.44; 95% CI, 0.35 to 0.55) for patients on Nexavar versus placebo. All patient subgroups examined benefited regardless of performance status or risk group, including patients who had not received conventional treatment with biologics, such as interleukin-2 or interferon-alpha.
In May 2005, due to the clinical and statistical significance of the PFS data, the companies unblinded the trial and announced that patients who were receiving placebo were allowed to "cross over" to drug treatment. The first OS analysis conducted immediately before cross-over found a 39% improvement in OS for Nexavar patients (hazard ratio 0.72, p=0.018). A further OS analysis performed six months following cross over was based on 367 survival events (patient deaths) that had occurred by November 30, 2005. Results showed a continued trend toward improved survival, with a 23% reduction in the risk of death (19.3 months for Nexavar patients versus 15.9 months for placebo patients; hazard ratio 0.77, p=0.02), despite the fact that nearly half of placebo patients had "crossed over" to Nexavar. Patients continue to be followed and a final survival analysis will be available in the first half of 2007. The Phase III data published in NEJM have previously been communicated at international scientific congresses.
Nexavar is an oral multi-kinase inhibitor that targets both the tumor cell and tumor vasculature. In preclinical models, Nexavar targeted members of two classes of kinases known to be involved in both cell proliferation (growth) and angiogenesis (blood supply) -- two important processes that enable cancer growth. These kinases included RAF kinase, VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, PDGFR-B, KIT, FLT-3 and RET.
Nexavar is currently approved in nearly 50 countries, including the United States and in the European Union, for the treatment of patients with advanced kidney cancer. In addition, Nexavar is being evaluated by the companies, international study groups, government agencies or individual investigators as a single agent or combination treatment in a wide range of cancers, including adjuvant RCC, advanced liver cancer, metastatic melanoma, Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer and breast cancer.
About Kidney Cancer
Renal cell carcinoma is the most common form of kidney cancer. Nearly 208,000 people worldwide are diagnosed (about 37,000 Americans) with renal cell carcinoma each year and more than 102,000 of them die (about 12,000 Americans) from the disease annually. For more information on renal cell carcinoma, visit the Kidney Cancer Association (KCA) web site at: http://www.curekidneycancer.org.
Important Safety Considerations for U.S. Patients Taking Nexavar
Based on the currently approved package insert for the treatment of patients with advanced kidney cancer, hypertension may occur early in the course of therapy and blood pressure should be monitored weekly during the first six weeks of therapy and treated as needed. Incidence of bleeding regardless of causality was 15% for Nexavar vs. 8% for placebo and the incidence of treatment-emergent cardiac ischemia/infarction was 2.9% for Nexavar vs. 0.4% for placebo. Most common treatment-emergent adverse events with Nexavar were diarrhea, rash/desquamation, fatigue, hand-foot skin reaction, alopecia, and nausea. Grade 3/4 adverse events were 38% for Nexavar vs. 28% for placebo. Women of child-bearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant and advised against breast-feeding. In cases of any severe or persistent side effects, temporary treatment interruption, dose modification or permanent discontinuation should be considered.
For U.S. Nexavar prescribing information, visit http://www.nexavar.com or call 1.866.NEXAVAR (1.866.639.2827).
About Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Onyx Pharmaceuticals, Inc. is engaged in the development of novel cancer therapies that target the molecular basis of cancer. With its collaborators, the company is developing small molecule drugs, including Nexavar with Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation. For more information about Onyx's pipeline and activities, visit the company's web site at: http://www.onyx-pharm.com.
About Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation
Bayer Pharmaceuticals Corporation (http://www.bayerpharma.com) is part of the worldwide operations of Bayer HealthCare AG, a subsidiary of Bayer AG. Bayer HealthCare is one of the world's leading, innovative companies in the healthcare and medical products industry and is based in Leverkusen, Germany. Bayer HealthCare generated sales amounting to some 9.4 billion euros and employed 33,800 people worldwide in 2005.
The company combines the global activities of the Animal Health, Consumer Care, Diabetes Care, and Pharmaceuticals divisions. The new Pharmaceuticals division was established on January 1, 2006, and comprises the former Biological Products and Pharmaceutical divisions. Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals now has three business units: Hematology/Cardiology, Oncology and Primary Care.
Bayer HealthCare's aim is to discover and manufacture products that will improve human and animal health worldwide. The products enhance well-being and quality of life by diagnosing, preventing and treating diseases.
Forward Looking Statements
This news release contains forward-looking statements based on current assumptions and forecasts made by Bayer Group management. Various known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors could lead to material differences between the actual future results, financial situation, development or performance of the company and the estimates given here. These factors include those discussed in Bayer's public reports filed with the Frankfurt Stock Exchange and with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (including its Form 20-F). Bayer assumes no liability whatsoever to update these forward-looking statements or to conform them to future events or developments.
This news release also contains "forward-looking statements" of Onyx within the meaning of the federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements include without limitation, statements regarding the timing, progress and results of the clinical development, regulatory processes, and commercialization efforts of Nexavar. These statements are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results and events to differ materially from those anticipated. Reference should be made to Onyx's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2005, filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission under the heading " Risk Factors" and Onyx's Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q for a more detailed description of such factors. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward- looking statements that speak only as of the date of this release. Onyx undertakes no obligation to update publicly any forward-looking statements to reflect new information, events, or circumstances after the date of this release except as required by law.
NEXAVARŽ is a registered trademark of Bayer AG, Germany.
Source: Bayer Pharmaceuticals
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