Healthcare Industry News: GPC Biotech
News Release - February 23, 2007
Spectrum Pharmaceuticals Announces Satraplatin Data Presentation at the American Society of Clinical Oncology Prostate Cancer Symposium- Satraplatin Significantly Reduces Risk of Disease Progression in Advanced Hormone-Refractory Prostate Cancer Patients
- Progression-Free Survival Improvement Highly Statistically Significant
- Progression-Free Survival Results Consistent Regardless of Prior Chemotherapy Treatment, Including Taxotere(R)
- Satraplatin Was Well Tolerated With Myelosuppression the Most Commonly Observed Toxicity
IRVINE, Calif., Feb. 23 (HSMN NewsFeed) -- Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: SPPI ) today announced that final progression-free survival (PFS) results for the SPARC trial (Satraplatin and Prednisone Against Refractory Cancer), a double-blind, randomized Phase 3 registrational trial, will be presented today at the ASCO Prostate Cancer Symposium in Orlando, Florida. The trial evaluated satraplatin plus prednisone versus placebo plus prednisone in 950 patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) who have failed prior chemotherapy. All analyses of PFS being presented were conducted on an intent-to-treat basis.
The study data show that treatment with satraplatin significantly reduces the risk of disease progression in these patients using the protocol-specified log-rank test. The previously reported hazard ratio of 0.6 (95% CI: 0.5-0.7, p<0.00001), which was first reported in September 2006, adjusted for nine pre-specified prognostic factors. Using a more conservative analysis, which adjusted only for the three pre-specified stratification factors, the hazard ratio is 0.67 (95% CI: 0.57-0.77, p=0.0000003). These hazard ratio numbers correspond to a reduction in relative risk of disease progression of 40% and 33%, respectively. Both analyses are being presented today in Orlando.
In accordance with the recommendation of the independent Data Monitoring Board for the SPARC trial, patients who have not progressed continue to be treated and all patients will be followed for overall survival. Overall survival data are expected to be available later this year. The clinical submission, the third and final portion of the rolling New Drug Application (NDA) for satraplatin was recently submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) for Europe is expected to be completed in the second quarter of 2007.
"As there are currently no approved therapies for patients with hormone-refractory prostate cancer whose disease has already failed on one chemotherapy regimen, satraplatin has the potential to address a mounting area of unmet medical need," said Daniel Petrylak, M.D., Associate Professor of Medicine at Columbia University College of Physicians & Surgeons, Director of the Genitourinary Oncology Program at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Columbia, and a Principal Investigator in the SPARC trial. "The data I am presenting today show statistically significant results in progression-free survival in favor of those patients treated with satraplatin. These results are consistent no matter what the prior chemotherapy treatment, including TaxotereŽ.
"We are pleased with the satraplatin data results observed in the SPARC trial," stated Rajesh C. Shrotriya, M.D., President and CEO of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals. "If ultimately approved by the FDA, satraplatin will be the first drug approved for hormone-refractory prostate cancer patients who have failed prior therapies."
Progression Free Survival
An independent expert review committee of medical oncologists and radiologists adjudicated all disease progression events. The vast majority of progression events were based on radiological progressions and pain progressions. Increase in prostate specific antigen (PSA) was not part of the progression endpoint. PFS at the median demonstrated a 14% improvement in patients who received satraplatin plus prednisone (11.1 weeks) compared to patients who received prednisone plus placebo (9.7 weeks). The improvement seen in PFS by patients treated with satraplatin increased over time. PFS at the 75th percentile showed an 81% improvement for patients in the satraplatin arm (34.6 weeks) versus patients in the placebo arm (19.1 weeks). At six months, 30% of patients in the satraplatin arm had not progressed, compared to 17% of patients in the control arm. At twelve months, 16% of patients who received satraplatin had not progressed, compared to 7% of patients in the control arm.
The median number of cycles was four for the satraplatin group compared to two for the control group. Nearly 40% of patients treated with satraplatin received five or more cycles of treatment compared to approximately 20% of patients in the control arm.
The improvement in PFS in the satraplatin arm was not affected by the type of prior chemotherapy; importantly, the improvement was similar for patients who previously had received TaxotereŽ (docetaxel), as well as those who previously received other types of chemotherapy treatments. Fifty-one percent of patients in the trial were previously treated with Taxotere. The hazard ratio for patients in the SPARC trial who were previously treated with Taxotere was 0.67 (95% CI: 0.54-0.83; p=0.0006, adjusted for the pre-specified stratification factors) and therefore numerically equivalent to the entire study population.
Common Adverse Events and Side Effect Profile
Safety findings were consistent with previous clinical studies involving satraplatin. The reported adverse reactions were mostly mild to moderate in severity. The most common adverse reactions consisted of myelosuppression (bone marrow functions): 21% percent of patients in the satraplatin arm experienced grade 3 or 4 thrombocytopenia; 14% had leucopenia and 21% had neutropenia. Eight percent of patients in the satraplatin arm experienced grade 3 or 4 gastrointestinal toxicities, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and constipation. Five percent or less of patients in the satraplatin arm experienced grade 3 or 4 fatigue, grade 3 or 4 infections and pulmonary/respiratory grade 3 or 4 toxicities.
Satraplatin, a fourth-generation, oral investigational drug, is a member of the platinum family of compounds. Over the past three decades, platinum-based drugs have become a critical part of modern chemotherapy treatments and are used to treat a wide variety of cancers. Unlike the platinum drugs currently on the market, all of which require intravenous administration, satraplatin is an oral compound and is given as capsules that patients can take at home.
In addition to HRPC, satraplatin has been studied in clinical trials involving a range of tumors, and Phase 2 trials have been completed in ovarian cancer and small cell lung cancer. Other trials evaluating the effects of satraplatin in combination with radiation therapy, in combination with other cancer therapies and in various other cancers are underway or planned.
In 2002, Spectrum licensed the global rights to GPC Biotech (Frankfurt Stock Exchange: GPC; TecDAX index; Nasdaq: GPCB). GPC Biotech is responsible for all costs associated with the development and regulatory filings of satraplatin. GPC Biotech has a co-development and license agreement with Pharmion GmbH, a wholly owned subsidiary of Pharmion Corporation, under which Pharmion has been granted exclusive commercialization rights to satraplatin for Europe and certain other territories.
About SPARC Trial
The SPARC trial is a double-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled multinational Phase 3 trial assessing satraplatin plus prednisone as a second-line chemotherapy treatment for patients with HRPC. A total of 950 patients were accrued to the trial at approximately 170 clinical sites in sixteen countries on four continents. In addition to the results presented today, the companies expect that more data from the SPARC trial will be presented at future major medical conferences.
About Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among men in the U.S. and Europe. Approximately 219,000 men in the U.S. are expected to be diagnosed with the disease in 2007 and over 27,000 men are expected to die from the disease. In the European Union, over 200,000 new cases are expected to be diagnosed, and over 60,000 patients are expected to die each year. Since the incidence of prostate cancer increases with age, the aging of the overall population is expected to further increase the number of prostate cancer patients.
Most patients diagnosed with prostate cancer initially receive surgery or radiation therapy, and some of these patients are cured. For many others, though, the disease recurs. At this point, the recurrent disease is treated with hormone therapy, and most patients initially respond well to this treatment. Eventually, however, the tumor cells become resistant to the hormones -- or "hormone-refractory" -- and the tumor again progresses. Increasingly, chemotherapy is being used as an effective first-line treatment for hormone-refractory prostate cancer. However, it is not a cure, and so this is creating a need for effective therapeutic options for these patients once they have progressed.
About Spectrum Pharmaceuticals
Spectrum Pharmaceuticals is acquiring and advancing a diversified portfolio of oncology drug candidates that meet critical health challenges for which there are few other treatment options. Spectrum's expertise lies in identifying undervalued drugs with demonstrated safety and efficacy, and adding value through further clinical development and selection of the most viable and low-risk methods of commercialization. The company's pipeline includes promising early and late-stage drug candidates with unique formulations and mechanisms of action that address the needs of seriously ill patients, such as at-home chemotherapy and new treatment regimens for refractory disease. For more information, please visit our website at www.spectrumpharm.com.
Forward-looking statement -- This press release may contain forward-looking statements regarding future events and the future performance of Spectrum Pharmaceuticals that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially. These statements include but are not limited to statements that relate to our business and its future, Spectrum's ability to identify, acquire and develop its portfolio of drug candidates, the Company's promising pipeline, the safety and efficacy of satraplatin, satraplatin's potential to treat HRPC and several other oncology indications that other trials evaluating the effects of satraplatin in combination with radiation therapy, in combination with other cancer therapies and in various other cancers will be initiated and any statements that relate to the intent, belief, plans or expectations of Spectrum or its management, or that are not a statement of historical fact. Risks that could cause actual results to differ include the possibility that our existing and new drug candidates, may not prove safe or effective, the possibility that our existing and new drug candidates may not receive approval from the FDA, and other regulatory agencies in a timely manner or at all, the possibility that our existing and new drug candidates, if approved, may not be more effective, safer or more cost efficient than competing drugs, the possibility that price and other competitive pressures may make the marketing and sale of our generic drugs not commercially feasible, the possibility that our efforts to acquire or in-license and develop additional drug candidates may fail, our lack of revenues, our limited experience in establishing strategic alliances, our limited marketing experience, our limited experience with the generic drug industry, our dependence on third parties for clinical trials, manufacturing, distribution and quality control and other risks that are described in further detail in the Company's reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. We do not plan to update any such forward-looking statements and expressly disclaim any duty to update the information contained in this press release except as required by law.
TaxotereŽ (docetaxel) is a registered trademark of Sanofi Aventis
Source: Spectrum Pharmaceuticals
Issuer of this News Release is solely responsible for its
Please address inquiries directly to the issuing company.