Healthcare Industry News: Epoetin
News Release - November 8, 2007
Ortho Biotech to Submit Official Request for Reconsideration to CMS Regarding ESA Coverage PolicyRequest Provides CMS with New Scientific Evidence
BRIDGEWATER, N.J., Nov. 8 (HSMN NewsFeed) -- Ortho Biotech Products, L.P., the company that markets PROCRIT® (Epoetin alfa), today will formally request that the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) reconsider its final National Coverage Determination (NCD) for erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs). The company's request will be available online at www.orthobiotech.com and www.VoiceForCancerPatients.com.
The company will provide new scientific evidence and highlight specific areas in which it believes that CMS materially misinterpreted existing data in reaching its current NCD. These two conditions are specified by CMS as necessary for reconsideration of an NCD.
"The goal of our reconsideration request is to re-open an evidence-based dialogue with CMS to ensure that Medicare reimbursement for ESAs supports safe and effective treatment of anemia for patients receiving chemotherapy," said Craig Tendler, M.D., Vice President, Medical Affairs, Oncology/Nephrology, Ortho Biotech Products L.P. "The policy of most concern is the imposition of a coverage limit on ESA treatment once hemoglobin levels reach 10 grams per deciliter of blood (g/dL). We will present CMS with additional scientific data demonstrating the importance of individualizing ESA therapy -- particularly when to initiate and stop therapy -- based on the medical needs of Medicare patients."
In its request, Ortho Biotech will present new evidence, including:
-- Data addressing the hemoglobin concentrations at which Medicare patients receive transfusions;
-- Data addressing transfusion risks associated with various hemoglobin concentrations at which ESA therapy is initiated;
-- Data correlating maximum hemoglobin limits to achieved hemoglobin levels;
-- Recent product labeling reviews in the EMEA and in the United States;
-- New national practice guidelines;
-- Further information concerning ESA U.S. registration trials; and
-- Interim safety results of a large, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease undergoing chemotherapy.
Ortho Biotech believes that PROCRIT is safe and effective for the treatment of anemia in patients with most types of cancer receiving concurrent chemotherapy when used according to its FDA-approved prescribing information. Epoetin alfa has been studied for more than 20 years and used in four million patients worldwide for approved indications.
About PROCRIT (Epoetin alfa)
PROCRIT is used for the treatment of anemia in patients with most types of cancer receiving chemotherapy, with chronic renal failure who are on dialysis and those who are not on dialysis, who are being treated with zidovudine for HIV infection, and to reduce the need for transfusion in anemic patients who are scheduled for elective noncardiac, nonvascular surgery. Depending on the country in which Epoetin alfa is marketed, these indications may differ.
Important U.S. Safety Information for PROCRIT
Boxed WARNINGS: Increased Mortality, Serious Cardiovascular and Thromboembolic Events, and Tumor Progression
Renal failure: Patients experienced greater risks for death and serious cardiovascular events when administered erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) to target higher versus lower hemoglobin levels (13.5 vs. 11.3 g/dL; 14 vs. 10 g/dL) in two clinical studies. Individualize dosing to achieve and maintain hemoglobin levels within the range of 10 to 12 g/dL.
Cancer: -- ESAs shortened overall survival and/or time-to-tumor progression in clinical studies in patients with advanced breast, head and neck, lymphoid, and non-small cell lung malignancies when dosed to target a hemoglobin of greater than or equal to 12 g/dL.
-- The risks of shortened survival and tumor progression have not been excluded when ESAs are dosed to target a hemoglobin of < 12 g/dL.
-- To minimize these risks, as well as the risk of serious cardio- and thrombovascular events, use the lowest dose needed to avoid red blood cell transfusions.
-- Use only for treatment of anemia due to concomitant myelosuppressive chemotherapy.
-- Discontinue following the completion of a chemotherapy course.
Perisurgery: PROCRIT increased the rate of deep venous thromboses in patients not receiving prophylactic anticoagulation. Consider deep venous thrombosis prophylaxis.
PROCRIT is contraindicated in patients with uncontrolled hypertension or with known hypersensitivity to albumin (human) or mammalian cell-derived products.
Additional Important Safety Information
-- The dose of PROCRIT should be titrated for each patient to achieve and maintain the following hemoglobin levels:
-- Chronic renal failure patients -- hemoglobin levels between 10 to 12 g/dL. If a patient does not attain hemoglobin levels of 10 to 12 g/dL despite 12 weeks of appropriate PROCRIT therapy see DOSAGE and ADMINISTRATION in the PROCRIT Prescribing Information.
-- Cancer or HIV patients -- the lowest hemoglobin level sufficient to avoid transfusion and not to exceed 12 g/dL.
-- Monitor hemoglobin regularly during therapy, more frequently following a dosage adjustment or until hemoglobin becomes stable.
-- Cases of pure red cell aplasia (PRCA) and of severe anemia, with or without other cytopenias, associated with neutralizing antibodies to erythropoietin have been reported in patients with chronic renal failure receiving PROCRIT by subcutaneous administration. If any patient develops a sudden loss of response to PROCRIT, accompanied by severe anemia and low reticulocyte count, and anti-erythropoietin antibody-associated anemia is suspected, withhold PROCRIT and other erythropoietic proteins. Contact ORTHO BIOTECH (1-888-2ASKOBI or 1-888-227-5624) to perform assays for binding and neutralizing antibodies. If erythropoietin antibody-mediated anemia is confirmed, PROCRIT should be permanently discontinued and patients should not be switched to other erythropoietic proteins.
-- The safety and efficacy of PROCRIT therapy have not been established in patients with a known history of a seizure disorder or underlying hematologic disease (e.g., sickle cell anemia, myelodysplastic syndromes, or hypercoagulable disorders).
-- In some female patients, menses have resumed following PROCRIT therapy; the possibility of pregnancy should be discussed and the need for contraception evaluated.
-- Prior to and regularly during PROCRIT therapy monitor iron status; transferrin saturation should be greater than or equal to 20% and ferritin should be greater than or equal to 100 ng/mL. During therapy absolute or functional iron deficiency may develop and all patients will eventually require supplemental iron to adequately support erythropoiesis stimulated by PROCRIT.
-- During PROCRIT therapy, blood pressure should be monitored carefully and aggressively managed, particularly in patients with an underlying history of hypertension or cardiovascular disease.
-- In studies, the most common side effects included fever (pyrexia), diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, swelling of hands or feet (edema), lack or loss of strength or weakness (asthenia, fatigue), shortness of breath, high blood pressure, headache, joint pain (arthralgias), abnormal skin sensations (as tingling or tickling or itching or burning; paresthesia), rash, constipation, and upper respiratory infection.
Please visit www.procrit.com for the full Prescribing Information, including the Boxed WARNINGS.
Source: Ortho Biotech
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