Healthcare Industry News: PICM-19 liver cells
News Release - May 12, 2008
HepaLife's Bioartificial Liver Exceeds Expectations in New Tests Conducted over Prolonged Periods of TimeHepaLife's patented PICM-19 liver cells and artificial liver device 'bioreactor' show ability to mimic important human liver function with highest levels of liver-specific metabolic activity over 14 day period; Traditional 'primary' cells rapidly lose capabilities
BOSTON--(HSMN NewsFeed)--HepaLife Technologies, Inc. (OTCBB: HPLF ) (FWB: HL1) (WKN: 500625) today announced that new tests of its bioartificial liver device demonstrate the Company’s bioreactor system and patented PICM-19 cells inside the device remain functional over prolonged periods time, far exceeding the number of treatment hours referenced in published research studies of human liver failure patients undergoing conventional liver support therapies.
“Previous tests have shown the ability of our liver cells to consistently outperform other cell technologies, including the world’s most widely used human liver cell line, HepG2. Importantly, these newest test results now confirm that our patented PICM-19 liver cells retain their functionality inside our liver device’s bioreactor system for long periods of time. Moreover, the entire system can function far longer than conventional treatment periods for human liver failure patients, a key capability that could potentially provide physicians and clinicians with a more flexible, longer-lasting treatment option.”
Outcomes from new tests show that HepaLife’s bioartificial liver device system is able to successfully retain the highest levels of liver-specific metabolic activity -- mimicking the most important functions of the human liver -- for 14 days, a substantially longer period than the 6 to 48 hour conventional treatments described in published research papers. Researchers anticipate that the ability of HepaLife’s patented liver cells in combination with its proprietary bioreactor system to remain functional for extended periods of time may provide for more efficient and flexible patient treatment options over prolonged periods of time, potentially improving patient outcomes as a result.
HepaLife’s First-Of-Its-Kind Bioartificial Liver: Results Prompt In-Vivo Animal Trials
In tests conducted over a 14 day period, researchers observed that HepaLife’s patented PICM-19 cells maintained ‘differentiated hepatocyte function’, the key to their ability to remain functional as liver cells inside the Company’s bioartificial liver device.
Researchers have also conducted studies designed to model the environment present when treating human liver failure patients, exposing the Company’s liver cells to human blood plasma and toxic ammonia. Notably, HepaLife’s PICM-19 cell line successfully removed toxic ammonia, produced urea, and expressed CYP-450 enzymes - - all leading indicators of liver function. While HepaLife’s PICM-19 cells maintained their differentiated hepatocyte function and CYP-450 activity in the presence of human plasma, CYP-450 activity was rapidly lost in conventional cell technologies, including primary hepatocytes and the world’s most widely-used human liver cell line, HepG2.
Exposure to human blood plasma did not affect the ability of HepaLife’s PICM-19 cells to clear toxic ammonia. The clearance rate of ammonia utilized per hour was similar to the rate observed for ammonia challenges performed in culture medium. The conversion of ammonia to urea in culture medium occurred at near-theoretical levels and the average rate of ammonia clearance by the PICM-19 liver cells was equivalent to rates obtained for primary porcine hepatocytes, thereby successfully replicating the closest in vitro model of native liver function in nature.
When challenged with high amounts of toxic ammonia, present in patients with acute liver failure, HepaLife’s bioartificial liver reduced ammonia levels by 75% within less than 24 hours. Published human clinical data of systems utilizing liver cells other than HepaLife’s patented PICM-19 cells, have only reported ammonia reduction levels between 0 to 44%.
The primary mechanism for reducing toxic ammonia in the native liver is by producing urea. The theoretical ratio of urea formed from ammonia is 1:1. In recent tests of the Company’s liver cells, 85% of the present ammonia was converted to urea. HepaLife’s PICM-19 liver cells are the only cell line known to have a complete urea cycle producing significant amounts of urea.
Most importantly, scientists’ extrapolations based on the calculated rate of ammonia clearance indicate that HepaLife’s bioartificial liver has sufficient capacity to treat the targeted acute liver failure animal model in HepaLife’s anticipated initial in-vivo trials. In published studies of in-vivo clinical data from liver support technologies utilizing conventional primary porcine liver cells, the levels of reported ammonia reduction in an animal model are significantly less than the ammonia reduction observed in recent tests of HepaLife’s bioartificial liver device by scientists. Researchers attribute the advanced performance of HepaLife’s bioartificial liver to its unique use of the Company’s patented PICM-19 liver cells in combination with the novel design of the bioreactor system in which the cells are housed.
Intended for the treatment of liver failure, the HepaLife™ Bioartificial Liver device consists of three basic components: (1) a plasma filter, separating the patient’s blood into blood plasma and blood cells; (2) the bioreactor, a unit filled with the patented PICM-19 liver stem cell line which biologically mimics the liver’s function; and (3), the HepaDrive™, a perfusion system for pumping the patient's plasma through the bioreactor while controlling gas supply and temperature for best possible performance of the cells.
ABOUT HEPALIFE TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
Based in Boston, Massachusetts, HepaLife Technologies, Inc. (OTCBB: HPLF ) (FWB: HL1) (WKN: 500625) is a developer of cell-based medical technologies addressing prevalent human health concerns.
HepaLife is working towards the first-of-its-kind bioartificial liver device for acute liver failure using the Company’s patented PICM-19 liver stem cell line. The HepaLife™ bioartificial liver, currently under development, is designed to serve as a supportive device, either allowing the liver to regenerate upon acute liver failure, or to bridge the patient's liver functions until a transplant is available.
Utilizing its patented liver stem cell line PICM-19, HepaLife is designing testing platforms to improve the pharmaceutical industry’s capability to evaluate drug toxicity and possible side-effects before pharmaceutical compounds are commercially distributed.
For additional information, please visit www.HepaLife.com.
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Source: HepaLife Technologies
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