Healthcare Industry News: stent thrombosis
News Release - December 17, 2008
Abbott Begins U.S. Study of XIENCE V(TM) Drug Eluting Stent Designed for Small VesselsABBOTT PARK, Ill., Dec. 17 (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Abbott (NYSE: ABT) today announced the start of SPIRIT Small Vessel, a clinical trial evaluating a 2.25 mm size of the XIENCE V(TM) Everolimus Eluting Coronary Stent System. The 2.25 mm stent system would offer physicians an option for treating coronary artery disease in narrower vessels that is based on the proven efficacy, safety and deliverability of XIENCE V. In July 2008, XIENCE V was launched in the United States, where it quickly became the market-leading drug eluting stent. The addition of a 2.25 mm size would complement the broad range of XIENCE V lengths and diameters. Upon U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of the 2.25 mm stent system, the device will be called XIENCE NANO(TM) in the United States. The XIENCE V 2.25 mm stent system received CE Mark (Conformite Europeene) approval and was launched in various countries in Europe, Asia and Latin America in March 2008.
"Treatment of lesions in small coronary vessels is often complex and associated with higher rates of complications. Being able to deliver a stent accurately to the diseased area of the vessel is crucial for successful treatment," said Marco Costa, M.D., Ph.D., director of Invasive Services, and director of the Center for Research and Innovation, Harrington-McLaughlin Heart and Vascular Institute, University Hospitals, Case Western Reserve University, and principal investigator of the SPIRIT Small Vessel trial. "Given the strong clinical performance and ease of use of XIENCE V, a smaller stent system would significantly enhance the treatment options for patients with coronary artery disease in small vessels."
The SPIRIT Small Vessel trial is designed to study 250 patients at approximately 50 centers in the United States. The primary endpoint is a composite measure of cardiac death, heart attack (target vessel myocardial infarction) and target lesion revascularization (repeat procedures on the treated vessel) at one year.
XIENCE V in Small Vessels
Observational data supporting the safety and efficacy of XIENCE V in the treatment of coronary artery disease in small vessels was presented at the 2008 Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) scientific symposium in October. James B. Hermiller, M.D., director, Cardiac Catheterization Labs, The Care Group at St. Vincent Hospital in Indianapolis, and an investigator of the SPIRIT III trial, presented subgroup data from the SPIRIT III trial comparing XIENCE V to the TAXUS® Express2(TM) Paclitaxel-Eluting Coronary Stent System (TAXUS) in patients with small vessels. In this subgroup analysis, patients were treated with a 2.5 mm stent system and had an average reference vessel diameter of 2.36 mm.
"In the SPIRIT III subgroup analysis, XIENCE V performed extremely well in small vessels. Compared to TAXUS, XIENCE V reduced in-stent late loss, or vessel re-narrowing, by 80 percent eight months after the procedure, and reduced major adverse cardiac events by 74 percent at nine months," said Dr. Hermiller. "When you consider these trends, the availability of a smaller XIENCE V stent system specifically designed to treat lesions in small vessels has the potential to significantly improve patient care."
The SPIRIT III small vessel subgroup analysis demonstrated the following key results for XIENCE V:
-- An observed 80 percent reduction in in-stent late loss compared to TAXUS at eight months (0.11 mm for XIENCE V vs. 0.54 mm for TAXUS, p-value=0.011)*.
-- An observed 74 percent reduction in major adverse cardiac events (MACE) compared to TAXUS at nine months (3.2 percent for XIENCE V vs. 12.5 percent for TAXUS, p-value=0.017)*. MACE is an important composite clinical measure of safety and efficacy outcomes for patients, defined as cardiac death, heart attack (myocardial infarction or MI), or ischemia-driven target lesion revascularization (TLR driven by lack of blood supply).
-- An observed 68 percent reduction in the risk of target vessel failure (TVF, cardiac events related to the treated vessel) compared to TAXUS at nine months (5.2 percent for XIENCE V vs. 16.1 percent for TAXUS, p-value=0.019)*. TVF is a composite clinical measure of safety and efficacy outcomes defined as cardiac death, heart attack (myocardial infarction or MI) or target vessel revascularization (TVR).
-- An observed 90 percent reduction in target lesion revascularization (TLR) compared to TAXUS at nine months (1.3 percent for XIENCE V vs. 12.5 percent for TAXUS, p-value=0.002)*.
About XIENCE V
The XIENCE V drug coated stent is used to treat coronary artery disease by propping open a narrowed or blocked artery and releasing the drug, everolimus, in a controlled manner to prevent the artery from becoming blocked again following a stent procedure. XIENCE V is built upon Abbott's market-leading bare metal stent, the MULTI-LINK VISION® Coronary Stent System. The VISION platform is designed to facilitate ease of delivery, making it easier for physicians to maneuver the stent and treat the diseased portion of the artery.
Long-term results with XIENCE V in the SPIRIT III pivotal U.S. clinical trial demonstrated a 45 percent reduction in the risk of MACE compared to TAXUS at two years. XIENCE V demonstrated a 32 percent reduction in TVF compared to TAXUS at two years. XIENCE V also demonstrated a low rate of stent thrombosis between one and two years, defined as very late stent thrombosis, per Academic Research Consortium (ARC) definition of definite/probable stent thrombosis (0.3 percent for XIENCE V and 1.0 percent for TAXUS). XIENCE V met its primary endpoint in the SPIRIT III clinical trial with a statistically significant 50 percent reduction in in-segment late loss (vessel renarrowing) at eight months compared to TAXUS.
The XIENCE V stent is available on both over-the-wire (OTW) and rapid exchange (RX) delivery systems. Rapid exchange is the most widely used type of delivery system because it provides physicians additional flexibility to work as single operators during stent procedures.
XIENCE V was approved by the FDA in July 2008 and launched in Europe and other international markets in October 2006. XIENCE V is an investigational device in Japan and is currently under review by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency.
Abbott supplies a private-labeled XIENCE V to Boston Scientific called the PROMUS(TM) Everolimus-Eluting Coronary Stent System. PROMUS is manufactured by Abbott and supplied to Boston Scientific as part of a distribution agreement between the two companies.
Everolimus, developed by Novartis Pharma AG, is a proliferation signal inhibitor, or mTOR inhibitor, licensed to Abbott by Novartis for use on its drug eluting stents. Everolimus has been shown to inhibit in-stent neointimal growth in the coronary vessels following stent implantation, due to its antiproliferative properties.
Additional information about XIENCE V, including important safety and effectiveness information, is available online at http://www.xiencev.com.
About Abbott Vascular
Abbott Vascular, a division of Abbott, is one of the world's leading vascular care businesses. Abbott Vascular is uniquely focused on advancing the treatment of vascular disease and improving patient care by combining the latest medical device innovations with world-class pharmaceuticals, investing in research and development, and advancing medicine through training and education. Headquartered in Northern California, Abbott Vascular offers a comprehensive portfolio of vessel closure, endovascular and coronary products.
Abbott is a global, broad-based health care company devoted to the discovery, development, manufacture and marketing of pharmaceuticals and medical products, including nutritionals, devices and diagnostics. The company employs more than 68,000 people and markets its products in more than 130 countries.
Abbott's news releases and other information are available on the company's Web site at http://www.abbott.com.
* P-values are for descriptive purposes only.
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