Healthcare Industry News: trastuzumab
News Release - May 29, 2009
New Preliminary Data from Two Studies Show Clinical Activity of Neratinib in Combination with Trastuzumab and in Combination with Paclitaxel in Advanced HER-2 Positive Breast CancerCOLLEGEVILLE, Pa., May 29 (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, a division of Wyeth (NYSE: WYE ), today announced preliminary data from two ongoing studies, one evaluating neratinib (HKI-272) in combination with trastuzumab (HerceptinŽ, Roche) in HER-2 positive (ErbB-2 positive) breast cancer, and a separate study investigating neratinib safety and efficacy when given with paclitaxel (TaxolŽ, Bristol-Myers Squibb) in patients with HER-2 dependent solid tumors. The data gathered from both trials are scheduled to be presented at the 45th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting in Orlando, Florida, from May 29 to June 2, 2009. Neratinib is an investigational orally administered irreversible inhibitor of the HER-2 and EGFR kinases.
"The data gathered from these studies provide additional evidence suggesting that neratinib, when combined with these therapies, is an active agent in HER-2 positive breast cancer," says Ramona Swaby, M.D., Department of Medical Oncology, Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia, PA. "While improvements have been made in treating HER-2 positive breast cancer, there remains an unmet medical need for more therapies for patients with metastatic breast cancer. These data warrant ongoing and future investigations to further understand and evaluate the utility of neratinib against this aggressive disease."
Neratinib (HKI-272) in Combination with trastuzumab for the Treatment of Advanced Breast Cancer
This ongoing phase 1/2 study of neratinib in combination with trastuzumab evaluated patients with advanced ErbB-2 positive breast cancer that progressed following therapy with trastuzumab, the standard of care in this disease setting. The primary endpoint of the two-part study is 16-week progression-free survival (PFS). The first part of the study includes patients being administered neratinib (160 mg or 240 mg) daily plus weekly trastuzumab (4 mg/kg IV loading dose then 2 mg/kg). In the second part of the study, patients receive a weekly dose of trastuzumab with daily neratinib (240 mg).
To date, 45 patients have been enrolled and 28 patients were evaluable for efficacy. The 16-week PFS rate (for part 2) was 45 percent (95 percent CI, 26 percent to 62 percent); median PFS was 16 weeks (95 percent CI, 15 to 31 weeks). The complete response rate was 7 percent, while 21 percent of evaluable patients showed partial response. The objective response rate was 29 percent (95 percent CI, 13 percent to 49 percent).
In this study, adverse events of any grade were diarrhea, nausea, anorexia, vomiting, asthenia, rash and fatigue. In the 45 patients enrolled in this study, diarrhea was the most common adverse event, observed in 91 percent of patients, and was the most significant grade 3 or 4 adverse event, occurring in 16 percent of patients. Two patients receiving neratinib 240 mg reported adverse events leading to discontinuation of therapy.
Safety and Efficacy of Neratinib (HKI-272) in Combination with Paclitaxel in Patients with Solid Tumors
In a separate phase 1/2, open-label, 2-part study, ascending multiple daily oral doses of neratinib (160 mg, 240 mg) were administered in combination with IV paclitaxel 80 mg/m2, if tolerable, or 70 mg/m2 on days 1, 8 and 15. Patients with solid tumors (endometrial, cervical, colorectal and esophageal cancers) were entered in the phase 1 portion (part 1), and only patients with metastatic ErbB-2 positive breast cancer were enrolled in part 2. Safety and efficacy were investigated in patients with ErbB-2 positive metastatic breast cancer.
A total of 102 patients were enrolled in part 2 of the study and 97 patients were evaluable for efficacy. The overall response rate at 16-weeks (for part 2) was 63 percent (80 percent CI, 55.9 percent to 69.4).
In this preliminary analysis, the adverse event profile of the combination of neratinib (240 mg) plus paclitaxel (80 mg/m2) was similar to that reported with both agents as monotherapy. Adverse events of any grade were diarrhea, alopecia, infection, peripheral neuropathy, leucopenia, anemia, nausea, rash, fatigue and vomiting. The most common adverse event was diarrhea, observed in 89 percent of the 102 patients enrolled in part 2 and was the most significant grade 3 or 4 adverse event, occurring in 25 percent of patients. Fourteen patients had dose reductions and one patient withdrew from the study due to an adverse event.
"Emerging clinical data continue to suggest that neratinib, in combination with these therapies is tolerable and active in treating HER-2 positive disease, even in those women who have progressed while on other targeted therapies," says Gary L. Stiles, M.D., Chief Medical Officer, Wyeth Pharmaceuticals. "These additional data build upon results presented at the 2008 San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, and Wyeth is committed to evaluating further the potential of this investigational therapy."
In 2008, the American Cancer Society estimated that more than 182,000 women in the United States would be diagnosed with breast cancer, and more than 40,000 would die from the disease. The HER-2 receptor is over-expressed in 25 percent to 30 percent of patients with breast cancer.
Wyeth is one of the world's largest research-driven pharmaceutical and health care products companies. It is a leader in the discovery, development, manufacturing and marketing of pharmaceuticals, vaccines, biotechnology products, nutritionals and non-prescription medicines that improve the quality of life for people worldwide. The Company's major divisions include Wyeth Pharmaceuticals, Wyeth Consumer Healthcare and Fort Dodge Animal Health.
The statements in this press release that are not historical facts are forward-looking statements that are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such statements. In particular, clinical trial data are subject to differing interpretations, and the views of regulatory agencies, medical and scientific experts and others may differ from ours. There can be no assurance that neratinib will ever receive regulatory approval or be successfully developed and commercialized. Other risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by forward-looking statements include, among others, risks related to our proposed merger with Pfizer, including satisfaction of the conditions of the proposed merger on the proposed timeframe or at all, contractual restrictions on the conduct of our business included in the merger agreement, and the potential for loss of key personnel, disruption in key business activities or any impact on our relationships with third parties as a result of the announcement of the proposed merger; the inherent uncertainty of the timing and success of, and expense associated with, research, development, regulatory approval and commercialization of our products and pipeline products; government cost-containment initiatives; restrictions on third-party payments for our products; substantial competition in our industry, including from branded and generic products; emerging data on our products and pipeline products; the importance of strong performance from our principal products and our anticipated new product introductions; the highly regulated nature of our business; product liability, intellectual property and other litigation risks and environmental liabilities; the outcome of government investigations; uncertainty regarding our intellectual property rights and those of others; difficulties associated with, and regulatory compliance with respect to, manufacturing of our products; risks associated with our strategic relationships; global economic conditions; interest and currency exchange rate fluctuations and volatility in the credit and financial markets; changes in generally accepted accounting principles; trade buying patterns; the impact of legislation and regulatory compliance; risks and uncertainties associated with global operations and sales; and other risks and uncertainties, including those detailed from time to time in our periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including our current reports on Form 8-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and annual report on Form 10-K, particularly the discussion under the caption "Item 1A, Risk Factors" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008, which was filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on February 27, 2009. The forward-looking statements in this press release are qualified by these risk factors. We assume no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future developments or otherwise.
Source: Wyeth Pharmaceuticals
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