Healthcare Industry News: thrombin
News Release - December 1, 2009
The Medicines Company Receives European Approval for Angiox(R) (Bivalirudin) for Use in Heart Attack Patients Undergoing Emergency Heart ProceduresEuropean Commission Decision based on landmark HORIZONS-AMI trial data
PARSIPPANY, N J, Dec., 1--(HSMN NewsFeed)--The Medicines Company (NASDAQ: MDCO ) announced today that it has received European approval for the use of Angiox(R) (bivalirudin) as an anticoagulant in patients with heart attacks (so-called ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)) undergoing emergency heart procedures called primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
The Commission Decision extends the current EU licence for Angiox(R) and is applicable to all Member States of the European Union/European Economic Area. A positive CHMP opinion to include this new patient population was announced by the Company on October 23rd. Launch of Angiox(R) in the new indication is planned for January 2010.
“We are grateful to the European Commission and the EMEA for this expeditious approval for Angiox(R) in primary PCI for STEMI," stated Clive Meanwell, M.D., PhD, Chief Executive Officer of The Medicines Company. “The need for this drug is significant: 150’000 primary PCIs are performed in Europe every year and appropriate cost-effective therapies like Angiox are increasingly important”
This approval was based on the landmark HORIZONS-AMI study which was the first drug trial to demonstrate a reduction in deaths from heart attacks in patients undergoing emergency PCI. The trial showed that patients treated with Angiox(R) compared with today’s leading treatment - heparin plus a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor (GPI) – were more likely to survive and had less frequent severe bleeds.
Professor Christian Hamm, Director of the Department of Cardiology and Medical Director, Kerckhoff Heart and Thorax Center, Bad Nauheim, Germany commented that: “The HORIZONS trial is the most recent demonstration of the efficacy of bivalirudin and shows a remarkable reduction of mortality in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. The robustness of these findings from this trial is impressive and reflects a landmark in the treatment of these high risk patients in Europe."
The HORIZONS-AMI Trial
The HORIZONS-AMI trial compared Angiox(R) to heparin plus a GPI in 3,602 patients (57 percent of whom were recruited in Europe) presenting with the most severe form of heart attack, known as STEMI, undergoing a emergency (primary) PCI.
Results at 30 days showed that Angiox(R):
- Significantly improved overall mortality including a reduction in the incidence of heart-related deaths by 38 percent (1.8% vs. 2.9%, p=0.03)
- Significantly reduced the incidence of major bleeding by 42 percent (5.1% vs. 8.8%, p< 0.0001).
- Significantly reduced the incidence of net adverse clinical events, a composite of major adverse cardiac events or major bleeding, by 26 percent (9.3% vs. 12.7%, p = 0.0015).
- Demonstrated comparable rates of major adverse cardiac events (5.4% vs. 5.5%, p = 0.8901).
Previous studies have shown an association between reduced major bleeding in angioplasty patients with greater long-term survival. More than 27,000 patients have been studied in clinical trials involving bivalirudin to date. Treatment with Angiox(R) has resulted in less bleeding and similar rates of composite ischaemia compared to heparin plus GPI in patients undergoing angioplasty for stable angina, unstable angina and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI).
About ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI)
STEMI is the most severe type of heart attack and carries a substantial risk of death and disability. STEMI involves myocardial injury, indicated by significant abnormalities on electrocardiogram called ST-segment elevations. Guidelines recommend that for patients with STEMI, early mechanical or pharmacological reperfusion should be performed to help prevent further heart damage. In the EU, an estimated 1 million PCI procedures are performed each year, of which 150,000 are primary PCI’s for the treatment of patients with STEMI.
STEMI is part of a spectrum of acute coronary syndromes (ACS) caused by acute exacerbation of underlying coronary artery disease. ACS also includes non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) and unstable angina (UA). NSTEMI is typically caused by partial obstruction of a coronary artery that results in some damage to heart muscle. UA is chest pain at rest or upon exertion, due to ischaemia. Stable angina is characterised by predictable chest pain during exertion that resolves at rest, and is not considered a form of ACS.
Angiox(R) is a direct thrombin inhibitor with a naturally reversible mechanism of action and 25 minute half-life. In clinical trials, treatment with Angiox(R) resulted in improved clinical outcomes with significantly reduced rates of major bleeding compared to heparin plus GPI across the entire spectrum of risk in patients undergoing PCI and numerically lower rates of one-year mortality in patients undergoing PCI.
Angiox(R) is approved for use in Europe as an anticoagulant in adult patients undergoing PCI including patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI and also for the treatment of adult patients with unstable angina/non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI) planned for urgent or early intervention. Angiox(R) should be administered with aspirin and clopidogrel.
The most common adverse events for in Angiox(R) clinical trials are bleeding and bleeding related events. Any unexplained fall in blood pressure or haematocrit, should lead to serious consideration of a hemorrhagic event and cessation of Angiox(R) administration. Please see full prescribing information available at www.angiox.com or call + 800 843 633 26 for further information.
Angiox(R) is marketed as Angiomax in the U.S. and other territories.
About The Medicines Company
The Medicines Company (NASDAQ: MDCO ) is focused on advancing the treatment of critical care patients through the delivery of innovative, cost-effective medicines to the worldwide hospital marketplace. The Company markets Angiox(R) (bivalirudin) in Europe for use in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty, a procedure to clear restricted blood flow in arteries around the heart and as a treatment of adult patients with acute coronary syndromes (unstable angina/non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (UA/NSTEMI)) planned for urgent or early intervention. Angiox(R) should be administered with aspirin and clopidogrel.
Statements contained in this press release about The Medicines Company that are not purely historical, and all other statements that are not purely historical, may be deemed to be forward-looking statements for purposes of the safe harbor provisions under The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Without limiting the foregoing, the words "believes," "anticipates" and "expects" and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties that may cause the Company's actual results, levels of activity, performance or achievements to be materially different from those expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Important factors that may cause or contribute to such differences include whether physicians, patients and other key decision-makers will accept clinical trial results, whether the Company is able to develop our global operations and penetrate foreign markets whether Angiox can successfully compete with all categories of anticoagulant drugs and such other factors as are set forth in the risk factors detailed from time to time in the Company's periodic reports and registration statements filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission including, without limitation, the risk factors detailed in the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed on November 9, 2009, which are incorporated herein by reference. The Company specifically disclaims any obligation to update these forward-looking statements.
Source: The Medicines Company
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