Healthcare Industry News: mCRPC
News Release - October 1, 2010
Phase III Data Showing Improved Survival With Jevtana(R) (cabazitaxel) Injection in Second-Line Advanced Prostate Cancer Published in The LancetResults of the Phase III TROPIC global study published
BRIDGEWATER, N.J., Oct. 1 (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Sanofi-aventis (EURONEXT: SAN and NYSE: SNY) announced today that data from the Phase III TROPIC study, which was the basis for the June 2010 U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of Jevtana® (cabazitaxel) Injection, was published in the October 2, 2010 print edition of The Lancet in an article titled "Prednisone plus cabazitaxel or mitoxantrone for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer progressing after docetaxel treatment: a randomised open-label trial." The data demonstrated that Jevtana in combination with prednisone reduced the risk of death by 30% in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (also known as metastatic hormone refractory prostate cancer, or mHRPC) whose disease progressed following treatment with a docetaxel-containing treatment regimen.
"Jevtana is the first approved therapy to fill a critical gap among patients with the most advanced stage of prostate cancer and is the first therapeutic option for these patients shown to prolong survival," said Oliver Sartor, M.D., Piltz Professor for Cancer Research at Tulane Medical School, New Orleans, and North American principal investigator for the pivotal TROPIC trial.
"Sanofi-aventis Oncology is tackling cancer on all fronts to provide new solutions that make a difference in patients' lives," said Debasish Roychowdhury, M.D., Senior Vice President, Head of Global Oncology, sanofi-aventis. "The publication of this pivotal trial in The Lancet underscores the importance of the study, which is the first to demonstrate an overall survival advantage in patients with metastatic hormone refractory prostate cancer whose disease has progressed following treatment with a docetaxel-containing treatment regimen."
Results of the TROPIC study showed that the combination of Jevtana and prednisone significantly reduced the risk of death by 30% [HR=0.70 (95% CI: 0.59-0.83); P<0.0001], with an improvement in median overall survival of 15.1 months versus 12.7 months in the mitoxantrone combination arm. In addition, patients in the Jevtana combination arm showed a significantly higher rate of investigator-assessed tumor response (14.4 [95% CI: 9.6-19.3; P<0.001]) compared with those in the mitoxantrone combination arm (4.4 [95% CI: 1.6-7.2; P<0.001]).
In the TROPIC study, the most common (greater than or equal to 10%) adverse reactions (grade 1-4) were neutropenia, anemia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, constipation, asthenia, abdominal pain, hematuria, back pain, anorexia, peripheral neuropathy, pyrexia, dyspnea, dysguesia, cough, arthralgia, and alopecia.
The most common (greater than or equal to 5%) grade 3-4 adverse reactions in patients who received Jevtana were neutropenia, leukopenia, anemia, febrile neutropenia, diarrhea, fatigue, and asthenia. The most common adverse reactions leading to treatment discontinuation in the Jevtana group were neutropenia and renal failure. Treatment discontinuations due to adverse drug reactions occurred in 18% of patients who received Jevtana and 8% of patients who received mitoxantrone. Deaths due to causes other than disease progression within 30 days of last study drug dose were reported in 18 (5%) Jevtana patients and 3 (less than 1%) mitoxantrone-treated patients. The most common fatal adverse reactions in Jevtana patients were infections (n=5) and renal failure (n=4). One death was due to diarrhea-induced dehydration and electrolyte imbalance.
About the TROPIC Trial
TROPIC was conducted in 146 trial sites in 26 countries, including the U.S. This multicenter, Phase III, randomized registrational trial assessed 755 mCRPC patients whose disease had progressed following treatment with docetaxel-based chemotherapy.
Patients were randomly assigned to receive cabazitaxel plus prednisone/prednisolone or mitoxantrone plus prednisone/prednisolone (378 and 377 patients, respectively), for up to a maximum of 10 cycles. The primary endpoint was overall survival. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival, tumor response rate, tumor progression, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) response, PSA progression, pain response, and pain progression. Disease progression was defined as tumor progression, PSA progression or pain progression. Other secondary endpoints were overall safety of cabazitaxel in combination with prednisone, pharmacokinetics of cabazitaxel and its metabolite in this patient population, and the effect of prednisone on the pharmacokinetics of cabazitaxel.
About Jevtana® (cabazitaxel) Injection
Jevtana, a microtubule inhibitor, is approved in combination with prednisone for the treatment of patients with metastatic hormone refractory prostate cancer (mHRPC) previously treated with a docetaxel-based treatment regimen. Jevtana is to be administered intravenously. Jevtana was granted fast track designation by the FDA in November 2009. The rolling new drug application (NDA) submission was completed in March 2010 and was granted priority review in April 2010; Jevtana was approved by the FDA less than three months later. A registration dossier of Jevtana is also under regulatory review by other regulatory authorities, including the European Medicines Agency.
Important Safety Information for Jevtana
* Neutropenic deaths have been reported. In order to monitor the occurrence of neutropenia, frequent blood cell counts should be performed on all patients receiving JEVTANA®. JEVTANA® should not be given to patients with neutrophil counts of less than or equal to 1,500 cells/mm3.
* Severe hypersensitivity reactions can occur and may include generalized rash/erythema, hypotension and bronchospasm. Severe hypersensitivity reactions require immediate discontinuation of the JEVTANA® infusion and administration of appropriate therapy. Patients should receive premedication.
* JEVTANA® must not be given to patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to JEVTANA® or to other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80.
* JEVTANA should not be used in patients with neutrophil counts of less than or equal to 1,500/mm(3).
* JEVTANA is contraindicated in patients who have a history of severe hypersensitivity reactions to cabazitaxel or to other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80.
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
* Neutropenic deaths have been reported
Monitor blood counts frequently to determine if initiation of G-CSF and/or dosage modification is needed
Primary prophylaxis with G-CSF should be considered in patients with high-risk clinical features
* Severe hypersensitivity reactions can occur
Premedicate with corticosteroids and H2 antagonists
Discontinue infusion immediately if hypersensitivity is observed and treat as indicated
* Mortality related to diarrhea has been reported
Rehydrate and treat with anti-emetics and anti-diarrheals as needed
If experiencing grade greater than or equal to 3 diarrhea, dosage should be modified
* Renal failure, including cases with fatal outcomes, has been reported. Identify cause and manage aggressively.
* Patients greater than or equal to 65 years of age were more likely to experience fatal outcomes not related to disease progression and certain adverse reactions, including neutropenia and febrile neutropenia. Monitor closely.
* Patients with impaired hepatic function were excluded from the randomized clinical trial
Hepatic impairment is likely to increase the JEVTANA® concentrations
JEVTANA® should not be given to patients with hepatic impairment
* JEVTANA® can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman
There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women using JEVTANA®
* Deaths due to causes other than disease progression within 30 days of last study drug dose were reported in 18 (5%) JEVTANA®-treated patients. The most common fatal adverse reactions in JEVTANA®-treated patients were infections (n=5) and renal failure (n=4)
* The most common (greater than or equal to 10%) grade 1–4 adverse reactions were anemia, leukopenia, neutropenia, thrombocytopenia, diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, constipation, asthenia, abdominal pain, hematuria, back pain, anorexia, peripheral neuropathy, pyrexia, dyspnea, dysgeusia, cough, arthralgia, and alopecia
* The most common (greater than or equal to 5%) grade 3–4 adverse reactions in patients who received JEVTANA® were neutropenia, leukopenia, anemia, febrile neutropenia, diarrhea, fatigue, and asthenia
Please see the accompanying full prescribing information for Jevtana, including boxed WARNING, or visit http://products.sanofi-aventis.us/jevtana/jevtana.pdf
The Incidence of Prostate Cancer
Worldwide, prostate cancer ranks third in cancer incidence and sixth in cancer mortality in men. In the U.S., prostate cancer remains the second most common cause of cancer death among men after lung cancer. In 2009, an estimated 192,000 new cases were anticipated in the U.S., while 27,000 men were expected to have died from the disease. For many patients with prostate cancer, their disease continues to progress despite prior treatment – including surgical and/or hormonal castration followed by chemotherapy. Metastatic prostate cancer indicates that the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes or other parts of the body, particularly the bones. Castration resistant/hormone-refractory prostate cancer means that the cancer has continued to grow despite the suppression of male hormones that fuel the growth of prostate cancer cells. An estimated 10-20% of patients with prostate cancer are diagnosed when the cancer has already metastasized.
About sanofi-aventis Oncology
Formed in March 2010, sanofi-aventis Oncology is targeting cancer on all fronts in an effort to address unmet medical needs for a broad range of patients. Starting with a deep understanding of the mechanisms by which cancer develops, grows and spreads as well as identifying the right science early in the discovery process, the company employs innovative approaches to bring the right medicines to the right patients. There are currently more than 10 compounds in development across a broad scientific platform, including cytotoxic, antimitotic, anti-angiogenic agents, antivascular agents, monoclonal antibodies and cancer vaccines, as well as supportive care therapies. Four of these compounds are now being investigated in phase III clinical studies aimed at multiple solid and hematologic tumors.
Sanofi-aventis U.S. is an affiliate of sanofi-aventis, a leading global pharmaceutical company that discovers, develops and distributes therapeutic solutions to help improve the lives of patients. Sanofi-aventis is listed in Paris (EURONEXT: SAN) and in New York (NYSE: SNY). For more information, visit www.sanofi-aventis.us or www.sanofi-aventis.com.
Forward Looking Statements
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